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You are given a license key represented as a string S which consists only alphanumeric character and dashes. The string is separated into N+1 groups by N dashes. Given a number K, we would want to reformat the strings such that each group contains exactly K characters, except for the first group which could be shorter than K, but still must contain at least one character. Furthermore, there must..
Given an array of integers and an integer k, find out whether there are two distinct indices i and j in the array such that nums[i] = nums[j] and the absolute difference between i and j is at most k. Example 1: Input: nums = [1,2,3,1], k = 3 Output: true Example 2: Input: nums = [1,0,1,1], k = 1 Output: true Example 3: Input: nums = [1,2,3,1,2,3], k = 2 Output: false Solution class Solution: def..
Given an array of integers, find if the array contains any duplicates. Your function should return true if any value appears at least twice in the array, and it should return false if every element is distinct. Example 1: Input: [1,2,3,1] Output: true Example 2: Input: [1,2,3,4] Output: false Example 3: Input: [1,1,1,3,3,4,3,2,4,2] Output: true Solution from collections import Counter class Solu..
Given a list of non-negative integers nums, arrange them such that they form the largest number. Note: The result may be very large, so you need to return a string instead of an integer. Example 1: Input: nums = [10,2] Output: "210" Example 2: Input: nums = [3,30,34,5,9] Output: "9534330" Example 3: Input: nums =  Output: "1" Example 4: Input: nums =  Output: "10" Constraints: 1
Given an array nums and a value val, remove all instances of that value in-place and return the new length. Do not allocate extra space for another array, you must do this by modifying the input array in-place with O(1) extra memory. The order of elements can be changed. It doesn't matter what you leave beyond the new length. Clarification: Confused why the returned value is an integer but your ..
Find all valid combinations of k numbers that sum up to n such that the following conditions are true: Only numbers 1 through 9 are used. Each number is used at most once. Return a list of all possible valid combinations. The list must not contain the same combination twice, and the combinations may be returned in any order. Example 1: Input: k = 3, n = 7 Output: [[1,2,4]] Explanation: 1 + 2 + 4..
Reverse a singly linked list. Example: Input: 1->2->3->4->5->NULL Output: 5->4->3->2->1->NULL Follow up: A linked list can be reversed either iteratively or recursively. Could you implement both? Solution # Definition for singly-linked list. # class ListNode: # def __init__(self, val=0, next=None): # self.val = val # self.next = next class Solution: def reverseList(self, head: ListNode) -> ListN..
Given words first and second, consider occurrences in some text of the form "first second third", where second comes immediately after first, and third comes immediately after second. For each such occurrence, add "third" to the answer, and return the answer. Example 1: Input: text = "alice is a good girl she is a good student", first = "a", second = "good" Output: ["girl","student"] Example 2: ..
Given a string, sort it in decreasing order based on the frequency of characters. Example 1: Input: "tree" Output: "eert" Explanation: 'e' appears twice while 'r' and 't' both appear once. So 'e' must appear before both 'r' and 't'. Therefore "eetr" is also a valid answer. Example 2: Input: "cccaaa" Output: "cccaaa" Explanation: Both 'c' and 'a' appear three times, so "aaaccc" is also a valid an..
Find the kth largest element in an unsorted array. Note that it is the kth largest element in the sorted order, not the kth distinct element. Example 1: Input: [3,2,1,5,6,4] and k = 2 Output: 5 Example 2: Input: [3,2,3,1,2,4,5,5,6] and k = 4 Output: 4 Note: You may assume k is always valid, 1 ≤ k ≤ array's length. Solution class Solution: def findKthLargest(self, nums: List[int], k: int) -> int:..
Given a non-empty array of integers, return the k most frequent elements. Example 1: Input: nums = [1,1,1,2,2,3], k = 2 Output: [1,2] Example 2: Input: nums = , k = 1 Output:  Note: You may assume k is always valid, 1 ≤ k ≤ number of unique elements. Your algorithm's time complexity must be better than O(n log n), where n is the array's size. It's guaranteed that the answer is unique, in o..
Given an array of integers, 1 ≤ a[i] ≤ n (n = size of array), some elements appear twice and others appear once. Find all the elements that appear twice in this array. Could you do it without extra space and in O(n) runtime? Example: Input: [4,3,2,7,8,2,3,1] Output: [2,3] Solution from collections import Counter class Solution: def findDuplicates(self, nums: List[int]) -> List[int]: cnt_items = ..
Given an integer, return its base 7 string representation. Example 1: Input: 100 Output: "202" Example 2: Input: -7 Output: "-10" Note: The input will be in range of [-1e7, 1e7]. Solution class Solution: def convertToBase7(self, num: int) -> str: if num == 0: return str(num) sign = 1 if num < 0: sign = -1 num = abs(num) answer = '' while num: answer = str(num % 7) + answer num //= 7 return ('-' ..
Given the array nums consisting of 2n elements in the form [x1,x2,...,xn,y1,y2,...,yn]. Return the array in the form [x1,y1,x2,y2,...,xn,yn]. Example 1: Input: nums = [2,5,1,3,4,7], n = 3 Output: [2,3,5,4,1,7] Explanation: Since x1=2, x2=5, x3=1, y1=3, y2=4, y3=7 then the answer is [2,3,5,4,1,7]. Example 2: Input: nums = [1,2,3,4,4,3,2,1], n = 4 Output: [1,4,2,3,3,2,4,1] Example 3: Input: nums =..
An array is monotonic if it is either monotone increasing or monotone decreasing. An array A is monotone increasing if for all i
Given a non-negative integer num, repeatedly add all its digits until the result has only one digit. Example: Input: 38 Output: 2 Explanation: The process is like: 3 + 8 = 11, 1 + 1 = 2. Since 2 has only one digit, return it. Follow up: Could you do it without any loop/recursion in O(1) runtime? Solution class Solution: def addDigits(self, num: int) -> int: while True: if num // 10 < 1: return n..
Given a fixed length array arr of integers, duplicate each occurrence of zero, shifting the remaining elements to the right. Note that elements beyond the length of the original array are not written. Do the above modifications to the input array in place, do not return anything from your function. Example 1: Input: [1,0,2,3,0,4,5,0] Output: null Explanation: After calling your function, the inp..
Given a string containing digits from 2-9 inclusive, return all possible letter combinations that the number could represent. Return the answer in any order. A mapping of digit to letters (just like on the telephone buttons) is given below. Note that 1 does not map to any letters. Example 1: Input: digits = "23" Output: ["ad","ae","af","bd","be","bf","cd","ce","cf"] Example 2: Input: digits = ""..
Given two arrays, write a function to compute their intersection. Example 1: Input: nums1 = [1,2,2,1], nums2 = [2,2] Output: [2,2] Example 2: Input: nums1 = [4,9,5], nums2 = [9,4,9,8,4] Output: [4,9] Note: Each element in the result should appear as many times as it shows in both arrays. The result can be in any order. Follow up: What if the given array is already sorted? How would you optimize ..
Implement a MyCalendar class to store your events. A new event can be added if adding the event will not cause a double booking. Your class will have the method, book(int start, int end). Formally, this represents a booking on the half open interval [start, end), the range of real numbers x such that start
Given two positive integers n and k. A factor of an integer n is defined as an integer i where n % i == 0. Consider a list of all factors of n sorted in ascending order, return the kth factor in this list or return -1 if n has less than k factors. Example 1: Input: n = 12, k = 3 Output: 3 Explanation: Factors list is [1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12], the 3rd factor is 3. Example 2: Input: n = 7, k = 2 Output..
We are playing the Guess Game. The game is as follows: I pick a number from 1 to n. You have to guess which number I picked. Every time you guess wrong, I will tell you whether the number I picked is higher or lower than your guess. You call a pre-defined API int guess(int num), which returns 3 possible results: -1: The number I picked is lower than your guess (i.e. pick > num). 1: The number I ..
Reverse bits of a given 32 bits unsigned integer. Example 1: Input: 00000010100101000001111010011100 Output: 00111001011110000010100101000000 Explanation: The input binary string 00000010100101000001111010011100 represents the unsigned integer 43261596, so return 964176192 which its binary representation is 00111001011110000010100101000000. Example 2: Input: 11111111111111111111111111111101 Outp..
Given a singly linked list, determine if it is a palindrome. Example 1: Input: 1->2 Output: false Example 2: Input: 1->2->2->1 Output: true Follow up: Could you do it in O(n) time and O(1) space? Solution # Definition for singly-linked list. # class ListNode: # def __init__(self, val=0, next=None): # self.val = val # self.next = next class Solution: def isPalindrome(self, head: ListNode) -> bool..
Remove all elements from a linked list of integers that have value val. Example: Input: 1->2->6->3->4->5->6, val = 6 Output: 1->2->3->4->5 Solution # Definition for singly-linked list. # class ListNode: # def __init__(self, val=0, next=None): # self.val = val # self.next = next class Solution: def removeElements(self, head: ListNode, val: int) -> ListNode: while head and head.val == val: head = ..
Given alphanumeric string s. (Alphanumeric string is a string consisting of lowercase English letters and digits). You have to find a permutation of the string where no letter is followed by another letter and no digit is followed by another digit. That is, no two adjacent characters have the same type. Return the reformatted string or return an empty string if it is impossible to reformat the s..
Students are asked to stand in non-decreasing order of heights for an annual photo. Return the minimum number of students that must move in order for all students to be standing in non-decreasing order of height. Notice that when a group of students is selected they can reorder in any possible way between themselves and the non selected students remain on their seats. Example 1: Input: heights =..
Your friend is typing his name into a keyboard. Sometimes, when typing a character c, the key might get long pressed, and the character will be typed 1 or more times. You examine the typed characters of the keyboard. Return True if it is possible that it was your friends name, with some characters (possibly none) being long pressed. Example 1: Input: name = "alex", typed = "aaleex" Output: true ..
Given two strings a and b, return the minimum number of times you should repeat string a so that string b is a substring of it. If it is impossible for b to be a substring of a after repeating it, return -1. Notice: string "abc" repeated 0 times is "", repeated 1 time is "abc" and repeated 2 times is "abcabc". Example 1: Input: a = "abcd", b = "cdabcdab" Output: 3 Explanation: We return 3 ..
Given an array of integers arr, write a function that returns true if and only if the number of occurrences of each value in the array is unique. Example 1: Input: arr = [1,2,2,1,1,3] Output: true Explanation: The value 1 has 3 occurrences, 2 has 2 and 3 has 1. No two values have the same number of occurrences. Example 2: Input: arr = [1,2] Output: false Example 3: Input: arr = [-3,0,1,-3,1,1,1,..